Leonhardt van Efferink: Lebanon’s sovereignty – The military, social and political rise of Hezbollah

Article by Leonhardt van Efferink about Lebanon’s sovereignty. Part 2 is about the military, social and political rise of Hezbollah (roles, Shias, Islamic Rule, Iranian Revolution, Syrian influence, Israel, AMAL, Musa al Sadr)

Leonhardt van Efferink: Arctic Geopolitics – Russia’s territorial claims, UNCLOS, the Lomonosov Ridge

Publication by Leonhardt van Efferink: Arctic Geopolitics 2 – Russia’s territorial claims, UNCLOS, the Lomonosov Ridge (Exclusive Economic Zones, Baselines, Flag Planting, North Pole, Navy)

Leonhardt van Efferink: EU-Russian Gas Trade – Nord Stream, South Stream and Nabucco Pipelines

This publication by Leonhardt van Efferink addresses the geopolitics of Russian gas. Part 3: Nord Stream, South Stream and Nabucco pipelines (ENI, EDF, EON Ruhrgas, Wintershall, Gasunie, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan)

Leonhardt van Efferink: De definitie van geopolitiek – De klassieke, Franse en kritische benaderingen

Deze Nederlandstalige publicatie bespreekt tien definities van geopolitiek uit de Klassieke, Franse en Kritische Geopolitiek (Spykman, Mackinder, Chauprade, Ó Tuathail) Spykman Mackinder Chauprade Ó Tuathail