Leonhardt van Efferink: Lebanon’s sovereignty – The military, social and political rise of Hezbollah

Article by Leonhardt van Efferink about Lebanon’s sovereignty. Part 2 is about the military, social and political rise of Hezbollah (roles, Shias, Islamic Rule, Iranian Revolution, Syrian influence, Israel, AMAL, Musa al Sadr)

Leonhardt van Efferink: EU-Russian Gas Trade – Nord Stream, South Stream and Nabucco Pipelines

This publication by Leonhardt van Efferink addresses the geopolitics of Russian gas. Part 3: Nord Stream, South Stream and Nabucco pipelines (ENI, EDF, EON Ruhrgas, Wintershall, Gasunie, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan)

Leonhardt van Efferink: The Definition of Geopolitics – The Classical, French and Critical Traditions

Leonhardt van Efferink dicusses ten definitions of geopolitics including those of Classical, French and Critical traditions